Whitesburg KY

Mississippi paper is winner of Tom and Pat Gish Award

For its 40 years of community leadership, especially on civil rights and reconciliation, The Neshoba Democrat, a weekly newspaper in Philadelphia, Miss., is this year’s winner of the Tom and Pat Gish Award for courage, integrity and tenacity in rural journalism.

The Institute for Rural Journalism and Community Issues, based in the School of Journalism and Telecommunications at the University of Kentucky, established the award to honor the couple who have published The Mountain Eagle in Whitesburg for more than 51 years. The Gishes were the first recipients of the award.

The award to The Neshoba Democrat will be presented to former publisher Stanley Dearman and current publisher Jim Prince on Friday, June 27, at the Mississippi Press Association’s annual awards dinner at the Beau Rivage Resort in Biloxi.

The centerpiece of the newspaper’s work in civil rights and community reconciliation was its effort to bring to justice all the killers of James Earl Chaney, Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner, civil-rights workers who were murdered in Neshoba County in July 1964.

Though seven men allied with the Ku Klux Klan were convicted of federal conspiracy charges, none served more than six years, 11 others went free, and the case was never prosecuted by the State of Mississippi until Stanley Dearman and Jim Prince called and worked for action.

In 1988, the movie “Mississippi Burning” revived memories of the murders. On their 25th anniversary, in 1989, Dearman forced the issue by promoting a memorial service and publishing a lengthy interview with Carolyn Goodman, the mother of Andrew Goodman. It took up more than a full page of the newspaper.

Prince, who was born in Philadelphia three months before the murders and worked at the Democrat during high school, left his job at an Alabama newspaper and came to work for Stan Dearman that summer. He wrote later that the interview “did more to change perceptions in Neshoba County than almost anything else. For the first time ever a human face was put on the civil rights workers, and over time, people – myself included, as a young man – began to accept Dearman’s premise that murder is murder.”

Jerry Mitchell of The (Jackson) Clarion-Ledger, whose reporting also pressured officials to seek indictments for these and other killings in the civil-rights struggle, said of Dearman, “He called on his community to prosecute the very killers who shared the sidewalks he did in downtown Philadelphia. People in town told him to leave it alone. They told him to forget it, but the truth is, Stanley Dearman never forgot. He will never be forgotten in Mississippi history because Stanley Dearman never forgot.”

Mitchell nominated The Neshoba Democrat for the Gish Award.

David Goodman, the brother of Andrew Goodman, told Dearman in a letter, “You stood up to a lot of resistance to print the news even though it had economic consequences to your family’s sole source of income and even through you putting yourself in physical harm’s way. You are a brave man, amongst other special qualities, and a great patriot of our great society.”

Mississippi officials began reviewing the case, but things moved slowly. As Dearman prepared to sell the Democrat to Prince in 2000, he wrote an editorial urging action. It concluded, “Come hell or high water, it’s time for an accounting.”

As the 40th anniversary of the killings approached without such an accounting, Prince helped organize the Philadelphia Coalition, which scheduled an observance and adopted the motto “Recognition, resolution, redemption: Uniting for Justice.”

Prince was co-chairman of the coalition. He said he felt obliged, as the Democrat’s owner, to follow the example Dearman had set. The coalition published a tour guide detailing to the local sites that were linked to the murder and other locations tied to the civil rights movement. Prince also pushed the issue in his newspaper. To mark the 40th anniversary of the murders, the Democrat republished some of its stories and pictures from 1964, which were often not friendly to civil-rights workers and their cause. This was a mea culpa for the Democrat, which had said several weeks before the killings, “Outsiders who come in here and try to stir up trouble should be dealt with in a manner they won’t forget.”

The series was called “44 days in 1964,” the time between the killings and the discovery of the bodies. The series logo included pictures of the victims.

On June 21, 2005 – exactly 41 years to the day after the three were abducted, killed and buried – a local jury convicted former Klan leader Edgar Ray Killen of three counts of manslaughter. Dearman, who had predicted that a local jury would convict, cried as he heard the news.

Jerry Mitchell wrote, “Attorney General Jim Hood credited his September 2004 meeting with the coalition, where he talked with Goodman’s mother and brother as helping convince him the case should go forward. … I have no doubt in my mind this case would have never wound up in court if not for Prince, Dearman, the coalition and so many others, including the families of those slain, who never gave up believing justice would be done one day. What happened in Philadelphia in the summer of 2005 continues to serve as an example for this state and this nation as we continue to move toward redemption.”

For the example it set, and its other strong journalism, such as taking on local bootleggers and hospital administrators, The Neshoba Democrat is the latest recipient of the Gish Award.

The Institute for Rural Journalism and Community Issues was created to help rural journalists define the public agenda in their communities, through strong reporting and commentary. It has academic partners at 24 universities in 16 states. It holds up good examples of rural journalism on its Web site at www.RuralJournalism.org and on The Rural Blog, which it publishes at http:// irjci.blogspot.com.

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