• On Nov. 18, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln boards a train for Gettysburg, Pa., to deliver a short speech at the dedication of a cemetery. The Gettysburg Address became one of the most famous speeches in American history.
• On Nov. 21, 1927, Time magazine puts the weekold Holland Tunnel on its cover. The tunnel, which runs under the Hudson River between New York City and Jersey City, N.J., requires 84 ventilating fans that replace all the air in the tunnel every 90 seconds.
• On Nov. 23, 1936, legendary Mississippi Delta bluesman Robert Johnson is recorded for the very first time in a San Antonio recording studio. He spent only five days in the studio, recording 41 total takes of 29 different songs. Almost immediately, Johnson’s recordings gained a cult following among blues collectors.
• On Nov. 24, 1947, the House of Representatives votes to approve citations of contempt against 10 Hollywood writers, directors and producers. These men had refused to cooperate at hearings dealing with communism in the movie industry. Hollywood quickly established the so-called blacklist, and those on the list rarely found work in the movies.
• On Nov. 20, 1955, Bo Diddley introduced himself and his namesake beat with his debut on “The Ed Sullivan Show.” Diddley opened his appearance with his song “Bo Diddley.” Sullivan had expected him to perform Ernie Ford’s “Sixteen Tons,” and he was furious enough to ban Diddley from future appearances on his show.
• On Nov. 19, 1976, Patty Hearst is released on bail pending the appeal of her conviction for participating in a 1974 San Francisco bank robbery that was caught on camera. Hearst had been kidnapped months before the robbery by members of the Symbionese Liberation Army.
(c) 2013 King Features Syndicate, Inc.