• On July 14, 1881, Sheriff Pat Garrett shoots Henry McCarty, known as Billy the Kid, to death at the Maxwell Ranch in New Mexico. Garrett had been tracking the Kid for three months after the gunslinger escaped from prison only days before his scheduled execution.
• On July 15, 1903, the newly formed Ford Motor Company takes its first order: an $850 two-cylinder Model A automobile with a backseat. The car was delivered a week later. The Model A could accommodate two people side-by-side on a bench; it had no top, and was painted red.
• On July 12, 1933, the first three-wheeled, multidirectional Dymaxion car designed by Buckminster Fuller is manufactured in Connecticut. It had a steel chassis and a body made of ash wood, covered with an aluminum skin and topped with a painted canvas roof.
• On July 11, 1945, the Soviet Union promises to hand over power to British and U.S. forces in West Berlin. Although the division of Berlin into zones of occupation was seen as temporary, the dividing lines quickly became permanent.
• On July 13, 1955, nightclub owner Ruth Ellis is convicted of murdering her boyfriend, playboy racecar driver David Blakely. Ellis was later executed by hanging, becoming the last woman in Great Britain to be put to death.
• On July 17, 1967, Jimi Hendrix drops out as the opening act for teenybopper sensations The Monkees. The booking of psychedelic rock god with the made-for-television Monkees was the brainchild of Hendrix’s manager, Mike Jeffery.
• On July 16, 1995, Amazon officially opens for business as an online bookseller. Within a month, the fledgling retailer had shipped books to all 50 states and 45 countries. Amazon eventually morphed into an e-commerce colossus, selling everything from groceries and furniture to live ladybugs.
(c) 2016 King Features Syndicate, Inc.