• On Nov. 1, 1512, the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome, one of Italian artist Michelangelo’s finest works, is exhibited to the public for the first time. The Creation of Adam is the most famous of the frescoes.
• On Oct. 31, 1892, “The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes,” by Arthur Conan Doyle, is published. Doyle studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, where he met Dr. Joseph Bell, a teacher with extraordinary deductive powers. Bell partly inspired Doyle’s character Sherlock Holmes years later.
• On Oct. 4, 1928, Arnold Rothstein, New York’s most notorious gambler, is shot and killed during a poker game at the Park Central Hotel in Manhattan. Asked before dying who had shot him, Rothstein reportedly put his finger to his lips, keeping the gangsters’ code of silence.
• On Oct. 30, 1938, radio program “Mercury Theater on the Air” presents Orson Welles’ production of H.G. Wells’ “War of the Worlds,” a fictional drama about a Martian invasion in Grovers Mill, N.J. The program sparked a panic among 1.7 million listeners who believed the play was an actual news broadcast.
• On Oct. 3, 1957, the Soviet Union launches the first animal into space – a dog named Laika – aboard the Sputnik 2 spacecraft. Laika died after the batteries of her sophisticated life support system ran down.
(c) 2007 King Features Synd., Inc.