• On July 4, 1826, the 50th anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence, both John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, the second and third presidents of the United States, respectively, die. Both men had been central in the drafting of the historic document.
• On July 2, 1900, in the sky over Germany’s Lake Constance, Count Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin successfully demonstrates the world’s first rigid airship. The 420-foot, cigar-shaped craft was lifted by hydrogen gas and powered by a 16-horsepower engine.
• On July 7, 1912, Jim Thorpe wins the pentathlon at the fifth modern Olympics in Stockholm, Sweden. He would later medal in the decathlon. In 1913, though, he was stripped of his Olympic medals because he had played minor league baseball. The medals were restored posthumously in 1982, 30 years after his death.
• On July 1, 1951, Cleveland
Indians ace Bob Feller pitches the third no-hit game of his career to lead the Indians over the Detroit Tigers 2-1, making him the first modern pitcher ever to throw three no-hitters.
• On July 6, 1976, in Annapolis, Maryland, the United States Naval Academy admits women for the first time with the induction of 81 female midshipmen. In May 1980, Elizabeth Anne Rowe became the first woman member of the class to graduate.
• On July 3, 1985, the blockbuster action-comedy “Back to the Future” — in which John DeLorean’s iconic concept car is transformed into a timetravel device — is released in theaters. The DeLorean featured gull-wing doors and a brushed stainlesssteel body.
• On July 5, 1996, Dolly the sheep — the first mammal to have been successfully cloned from an adult cell — is born at the Roslin Institute in Scotland. Over the course of her short sixyear life, Dolly gave birth to four lambs.
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