• On Aug. 13, 1899, Alfred Hitchcock is born in London. His innovative mastery of suspense made him one of the most popular and influential filmmakers of the 20th century. In 1925, he directed his first movie, “The Pleasure Garden,” a silent film.
• On Aug. 11, 1934, a group of federal prisoners classified as “most dangerous” arrives at Alcatraz Island, a 22-acre rocky outcrop situated 1 1/2 miles offshore in San Francisco Bay. The convicts were the first civilian prisoners to be housed in the new high-security penitentiary.
• On Aug. 16, 1948, baseball legend George Herman “Babe” Ruth dies in New York City. For two days following, his body lay in state at the main entrance to Yankee Stadium, and tens of thousands of people stood in line to pay their respects.
• On Aug. 15, 1969, the Woodstock music festival opens on Max Yasgur’s 600-acre farm in upstate New York, with folk singer and guitarist Richie Havens kicking off the event. Approximately 400,000 people attended, most of whom did not pay for the $24 tickets.
• On Aug. 14, 1971, St. Louis Cardinals ace Bob Gibson throws his first career no-hitter in an 11-0 victory over the Pittsburgh Pirates. In 1964 Gibson won his first World Series Most Valuable Player Award.
• On Aug. 10, 1984, the action thriller “Red Dawn” opens in theaters as the first movie with a PG-13 rating. The Motion Picture Association of America created the PG-13 category to indicate film content with a “higher level of intensity” than PG.
• On Aug. 12, 1990, fossil hunter Susan Hendrickson discovers three huge bones jutting out of a cliff near Faith, South Dakota, part of the largest Tyrannosaurus rex skeleton ever found. The 65 million-year-old specimen dubbed Sue, after its discoverer, is 42 feet long with a 2,000-pound skull and 58 teeth.
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