• On Sept. 24, 1789, the Judiciary Act of 1789 is passed by Congress and signed by President George Washington, establishing the Supreme Court of the United States as a tribunal made up of six justices who were to serve until death or retirement. The number of justices was changed in 1869 to nine.
• On Sept. 25, 1894, President Grover Cleveland issues a presidential proclamation pardoning Mormons who had previously engaged in unlawful polygamous marriages. His proclamation ensured that their property and civil rights were restored.
• On Sept. 23, 1908, a game between the New York Giants and Chicago Cubs ends in 1-1 tie after a controversial call at second base. The officials ruled that Giants first baseman Fred Merkle was out because he failed to touch second base, a call that has been disputed ever since.
• On Sept. 21, 1942, the B-29 Superfortress makes its debut flight in Seattle. The long-range heavy bomber contained a pilot console in the rear, in the event the front pilot was knocked out of commission.
• On Sept. 22, 1953, the first four-level (or “stack”) interchange in the world opens in Los Angeles at the intersection of the Harbor, Hollywood, Pasadena and Santa Ana freeways, 32 lanes of traffic weaving in eight directions at once.
• On Sept. 27, 1989, Hollywood socialite Zsa Zsa Gabor, on trial for slapping a police officer during a traffic stop, storms out of the courtroom. Gabor had been pulled over for expired tags, expired license, open alcohol container then attempting to leave the scene. She slapped the officer when he caught up with her.
(c) 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. All Rights Reserved