• On July 11, 1656, Ann Austin and Mary Fisher, two Englishwomen, become the first Quakers to immigrate to the American colonies when the ship carrying them lands at Boston. Shortly after arriving in Massachusetts, the two were arrested, jailed for five years and deported.
• On July 10, 1925, in Dayton, Tenn., the so-called Monkey Trial begins with John Thomas Scopes, a high-school science teacher, accused of teaching evolution in violation of state law. The law made it a misdemeanor to “teach any theory that denies the story of the Divine Creation of man.”
• On July 14, 1938, British director Alfred Hitchcock signs a contract with David O. Selznick to direct movies in Hollywood. The son of a poultry dealer and fruit importer, Hitchcock entered show business when he was hired to design silent film title cards.
• On July, 9, 1947, Florence Blanchfield becomes the first woman to hold permanent military rank in the U. S. Army. Blanchfield had served as superintendent of the Army Nurse Corps during World War II.
• On July 12, 1957, Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes the first president to ride in the newest advance in aviation technology: the helicopter. The HMX-1 “Nighthawks” squadron was initially administered jointly by the Army and the Marine Corps. In 1976, the Marine Corps took over all helicopter operations.
• On July 15, 1971, President Richard Nixon stuns the nation by announcing that he will visit communist China. Nixon hoped to use the promise of closer relations with the United States to convince the Chinese to put increased pressure on North Vietnam to reach an acceptable peace settlement in the war.
• On July 13, 1995, the Chrysler Corp. opened a car dealership in Hanoi, Vietnam. One of the delays faced by the foreign car company was the Vietnamese government’s refusal to give up rice pastureland for the construction of new production facilities.
(c) 2007 King Features Synd., Inc.