• On July 22, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln informs his chief advisers and cabinet that he will issue a proclamation to free slaves. He hoped a strong statement declaring a national policy of emancipation would stimulate a rush of the South’s slaves into the ranks of the Union Army, thus depleting the Confederacy’s labor force.
• On July 23, 1888, Raymond Chandler, creator of detective Philip Marlowe, is born in Chicago. Chandler published only seven novels, among them “The Big Sleep” (1939), “Farewell My Lovely” (1940) and “The Long Goodbye” (1953), all featuring tough, cynical private-eye Philip Marlowe.
• On July 25, 1894, actor Walter Brennan is born in Swampscott, Mass. Brennan became the first actor ever to win three Academy Awards, for “Come and Get It” (1936), “Kentucky” (1938) and “The Westerner” (1940.)
• On July 26, 1908, the Federal Bureau of Investigation is created when federal investigators are ordered to report to the Department of Justice. When the Department of Justice was created in 1870, it had no permanent investigators on its staff. At first, it hired private detectives when it needed federal crimes investigated.
• On July 27, 1949, the world’s first jet-propelled airliner, the British De Havilland Comet, makes its maiden testflight in England. The Comet was capable of traveling 480 mph, a record speed at the time.
(c) 2008 King Features Synd., Inc.