• On June 6, 1683, the Ashmolean, the world’s first university museum, opens in Oxford, England, with collections donated by English archaeologist Elias Ashmole. Today, the collection at the Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology ranges from 500,000-year-old manmade implements to 20thcentury works of art.
• On June 4, 1876, a mere 83 hours after leaving New York City, the Transcontinental Express train arrives in San Francisco. Suddenly, a journey that had previously taken months using horses could be made in less than a week. Amenities varied from plush velvet seats to narrow wooden benches.
• On June 7, 1893, Mohandas K. Gandhi, a young Indian lawyer, commits his first act of civil disobedience. Known as Mahatma, or “the great soul,” Gandhi’s persuasive methods of civil disobedience influenced leaders of civilrights movements around the world, especially Martin Luther King Jr.
• On June 2, 1935, Babe Ruth, one of the greatest players in the history of baseball, ends his Major League career after 22 seasons, 10 World Series and 714 home runs. When Ruth died on Aug. 16, 1948, his body lay in state at Yankee Stadium for two days and was visited by more than 100,000 fans.
• On June 1, 1949, Lawrence Welk’s band begins a two-year stint as the house orchestra for radio show “High Life Review.” Though often lampooned for his saccharine style, Welk eventually developed an army of loyal fans and hosted one of the longest-running musical variety shows in history.
(c) 2009 King Features Synd.