• On April 30, 1789, George Washington is sworn in as the first American president and delivers the first inaugural speech, at Federal Hall in New York City. Observers noted that Washington fidgeted while he reiterated the mixed emotions of anxiety and honor he felt in assuming the role of president.
• On April 28, 1897, the Chickasaw and Choctaw, two of the Five Civilized Tribes, become the first to agree to abolish tribal government and communal ownership of land. The other tribes soon followed, finally throwing open all of Indian Territory to white settlement.
• On May 1, 1926, Ford Motor Company becomes one of the first companies in America to adopt a fiveday, 40-hour week for workers. Manufacturers all over the country soon followed Ford’s lead, and the Monday to-Friday workweek became standard practice.
• On April 26, 1954, the Salk polio vaccine field trials, involving 1.8 million children, begin in McLean, Va. On Apr. 12, 1955, researchers announced the vaccine was safe and effective, and it quickly became a standard part of childhood immunizations in America.
• On April 27, 1963, Margaret Annemarie Battavio’s very first single, “I Will Follow Him,” reached No. 1 on the U.S. pop charts. The 15-year-old singer, better known as Little Peggy March, became the youngest female performer ever to top the Billboard Hot 100.
(c) 2010 King Features Synd.,