+ On May 21, 1881, in Washington, D.C., humanitarians Clara Barton and Adolphus Solomons found the American National Red Cross, an organization established to provide humanitarian aid to victims of wars and natural disasters.
+ On May 24, 1899, the first public parking garage in the United States is established in Boston by W.T. McCullough as the Back Bay Cycle and Motor Company. McCullough advertised the garage’s opening as a “stable for renting, sale, storage and repair of motor vehicles.”
+ On May 26, 1924, President Calvin Coolidge signs into law the Comprehensive Immigration Act. Under the new law, immigration remained open to those with a college education and/or special skills, but entry was denied to Mexicans, Eastern and Southern Europeans and Japanese.
+ On May 27, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt announces a state of unlimited national emergency in response to Nazi Germany’s threats of “world domination,” as he tried to rally isolationists to his philosophy that aid to Europe was purely in America’s self-interest. Seven months later, the United States entered World War II after Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor.
+ On May 23, 1960, Israeli Prime Minister David Ben- Gurion announces that Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann has been captured and will stand trial in Israel. Eichmann, the Nazi SS officer who organized Adolf Hitler’s “final solution of the Jewish question,” was found guilty on 15 charges in 1961 and was hanged in Tel Aviv in 1962.
+ On May 25, 1977, the space fantasy “Star Wars” opens. The film became one of the most popular movies of all time, breaking box office records. It won seven Oscars for technical achievements and its musical score, written by John Williams.
(c) 2007 King Features Synd., Inc.