Notebooks, pencils and clothes are at the top of most back-to-school lists, but a comprehensive eye exam should be included as well.
State law requires children ages 3 through 6 to have a vision exam if they are entering a public school or preschool program for the first time.
“Having children’s eyes examined is one of the most important things parents can do to support their children’s education and good health,” said Dr. Elaine DeSario, an optometrist in Louisa, Ky. “Research shows that vision problems are a major factor in limiting children’s abilities to learn and succeed.”
Up to 13 percent of children age 5 and younger have some type of vision condition. After age 5, that number increases to 25 percent.
“All parents should have their children’s eyes examined because many problems may not be obvious to them or their children’s teachers,” DeSario said. “Young children don’t realize that the way they see the world may not be the way it should be.
“Early diagnosis and treatment can prevent loss of sight from amblyopia, which is commonly called lazy eye. Unfortunately, 50 percent of all cases of amblyopia are not diagnosed until after age 5, when it is difficult to correct.”
Amblyopia is the leading cause of vision loss in people under age 40 — more than injuries or any other disease. However, it is almost 100 percent treatable if detected early.
DeSario also said an eye examination is particularly important if your child exhibits any of these signs of possible eye problems:
• Loses his place while reading, holds the book closer than normal or uses his finger to maintain his place while reading.
• Avoids close work.
• Tends to rub her eyes.
• Complains of frequent headaches.
• Turns or tilts his head, or squints, to use only one eye.
• Omits or confuses small words when reading aloud.
• Consistently performs below academic potential.
Many private insurance plans, Medicaid and KCHIP cover these exams. A comprehensive eye exam and glasses also are an essential benefit under the Affordable Care Act.
In addition, private programs are available to help. Sight for Students and the Lion’s Club are other programs that can help.